First published induring the reign of Abdulhamid II, this book describes the Ottoman sultan's court and harem, and his subjects' way of life. Mighty Guests of the Throne: The Ottoman Sultans by Salih Gulen. The 36 Ottoman sultans included great commanders, statesmen, musicians, and poets.
Kemal had achieved fame during World War I with his epic defense of Gallipoli against the British, telling his men at one point, "I am not asking you to fight; I am asking you to die.
Nevertheless, it is undoubtedly the strongest state in the region, to the chagrin of neighboring Arabs and Christians and Kurds alike. Long a member of NATO, Turkey looks forward to membership in the European Community, but still has little embarrassments like the common use of torture by police.
The application of Turkey to the European Union has been deferred, but will be considered in a couple of years. The Islamic threat would seem to justify the reluctance of the European Union to expedite the admission of Turkey, an attitude that some Turks regard as simple racism. However, the defeat of the Islamic forces in Turkey should remove some European reservations.
There is no doubt, however, that any moves toward Islamicization could provoke even a violent response from the secular population and the Army. The basis of this is the religious basis and program of the Party. At this point there are also other, equally troubling, complaints about the behavior of the government.
If the Court abolishes the party, which seems quite possible, it would forestall a coup by the Army but could also precipitate violence by supporters, who won This is certainly the modern dilemma in Islamic countries, where democracy itself threatens the state with the forces of religious reaction.
Six out of eleven judges favored banning the Party, but seven votes were required. There was relief in many circles that a crisis had been avoided and that a democratic election had not been overturned, but the conflict over the place of Islam in Turkey will continue.
The judges may live to regret their decision. Getting intothe government has been using the police, much as Hitler did after assuming power, to suppress dissent, harass opposition, and even to arrest secularists in the judiciary and military. The Islamist and fascist program of Mr.
Erdo an, thus began to emerge. A document was forged that was purported to be Army plans for a coup.
Hopefully, the Army will need no such plan, unless, like the German military, they let their chance slip by or, worse, collaborate with the goals of the government. Western observers are hoping that the AK Party will simply lose the next election; but by then, the election may be rigged as in in Iranor Turkish opinion may not be aroused enough about what is going on.
On 31 MayIsraeli forces prevented a flottila of ships from breaching an Israeli blockade of Gaza and delivering goods to the forces of Hamas. They at first tried boarding the ships peacefully, but the crews of the ships began to beat the unarmed Israeli soldiers and throw them overboard.
The Israelis then boarded in force, killing a number of those resisting. Since the ships were supposedly delivering humanitarian aid and food to Gaza, there was a great deal of international huffing and puffing and posturing about this action. However, Israel allows humanitarian aid and food into Gaza, if properly inspected; and the purpose of the flottila was clearly to break the blockade so that arms could then be run in to the forces of Hamas.
The experience of the past, since the Israeli withdrawal from Gaza, is that Hamas begins using weapons against Israel as soon as it can get them, despite the military senselessness of such attacks.
Hamas forces, hiding, as Terrorists do, among civilians, and attacking, as Terrorists do, Israeli civilians, use Israeli retaliation to claim that Israel is attacking civilians, like Terrorists! This is usually good enough for those ready to credit anti-Israeli propaganda in the first place.
The most shocking thing about the flotilla event, however, was the support of the project, not just by Iran, which was to be expected, but by Turkey. Slowly but steadily, Erdo an has managed to place supporters in the courts, the police, the schools, and, apparently, even in the army.
Although Erdo an himself pursued membership in the European Union, Turkey has now turned its diplomacy towards Iran and other radical regimes. The doubts about EU membership for Turkey, which had delayed its acceptance, now must become a certainty that Turkey is no longer interested in continuing its development as a European nation.
As we see from the quote above, Erdo an has no more respect for democracy than any other Islamist. More distressing, however, is the possibility, not that Erdo an will steal the next election, but that he will be continued in power with large and enthusiastic majorities.
For, as it seems, Turkish public opinion, no doubt influenced by what is now a Government controlled news media which runs grotesque anti-Semitic and anti-American "documentaries"but apparently in little need of such propaganda, has drifted into the Islamist irrationality, paranoia, anti-Semitism, and anti-Americanism that is all too familiar from the rest of the Middle East.
The full threat that these developments in Turkey represent has not yet been fully appreciated in Washington, but the day of reckoning cannot be far away. Democracy is like a streetcar. When you come to your stop, you get off.
As previously, women in Western dress figure prominently in the protests, exemplifying their concern at the Islamicization of the regime. This has come down to one incident, where a solitary woman in a red dress, identified as Ceyda Sungur, "the woman in red," was pepper-sprayed by a policeman in riot gear, as we see in the now famous Reuters image at right.
The policeman obviously had nothing to fear from her.In this episode of the history of the Ottoman Empire, we are back to the Suleiman vs. the West narrative. This time the Ottomans have their focus on Venice, who was supported by the Pope, and our old friend, and the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V, who was aided by his great admiral, Doria.
THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE. Ottoman history from has been described as ”The Decline of Faith and State.” To Ottomans, " decline ” meant dislocation of the traditional order; hence, ” reforms " to check or reverse " decline " meant restoring the old order which had produced the Golden Age of Suleyman the Magnificent.”.
A cartoon depicting the Ottoman Empire under threat. The Ottoman Empire before World War I was in a state of rapid transition and decay. Through the medieval period and into the modern era, the Ottoman Empire had been one of the world. The Ottoman Empire entered the war by carrying out a surprise attack on Russia's Black Sea coast on 29 October , with Russia responding by declaring war on 5 November Ottoman forces fought the Entente in the Balkans and the Middle Eastern theatre of .
The first general history in English of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Ordered to Die is based on newly available Turkish archival and official sources. Outnumbered and outgunned, the Ottoman Army performed astonishingly well in the field and managed to keep fighting until the end of the war, long after many other armies /5(11).
The occupation of Constantinople by the Allies after World War I is a remarkable chapter in its own right. Although all Axis capitals would be occupied after World War II, Constantinople was the only one to have this happen after World War I.