Aristotle, the teacher of those who know, defended reason, invented logic, focused on reality, and emphasized the importance of life on earth.
Though written more than 2, years ago, it offers the modern reader many valuable insights into human needs and conduct. Among its most outstanding features are Aristotle's insistence that there are no known absolute moral standards and that any ethical theory must be based in part on an understanding of psychology and firmly grounded in the realities of human nature and daily life.
In addition, the book vividly reflects Aristotle's achievements in other areas of philosophy and is a good example of his analytical method, which must be considered the ultimate basis of all modern scientific research. People have not changed significantly in the many years since Aristotle first lectured on ethics at the Lyceum in Athens.
The human types and problems he discusses are familiar to everyone. The rules of conduct and explanations of virtue and goodness that he proposes can all help modern man to attain a fuller and more satisying understanding of his responsibilities as a member of society and the purpose of his existence.
For this alone Aristotle's book is still worth reading. Main Points of Aristotle's Ethical Philosophy The highest good and the end toward which all human activity is directed is happiness, which can be defined as continuous contemplation of eternal and universal truth.
One attains happiness by a virtuous life and the development of reason and the faculty of theoretical wisdom. For this one requires sufficient external goods to ensure health, leisure, and the opportunity for virtuous action.
Moral virtue is a relative mean between extremes of excess and deficiency, and in general the moral life is one of moderation in all things except virtue. No human appetite or desire is bad if it is controlled by reason according to a moral principle.
Moral virtue is acquired by a combination of knowledge, habituation, and self-discipline. Virtuous acts require conscious choice and moral purpose or motivation.
Man has personal moral responsibility for his actions. Moral virtue cannot be achieved abstractly — it requires moral action in a social environment.
Ethics and politics are closely related, for politics is the science of creating a society in which men can live the good life and develop their full potential. Nature of Ethics and methods of studying Ethics. Discussion of Happiness and the good as the ends of human life.
Discussion of Moral Virtue. The Doctrine of the Mean. Moral purpose and moral responsibility. Discussion of particular moral virtues.
Further discussion of Pleasure. Happiness, the end of human life. Relationship of Ethics and Politics. Next Chapter I Pop Quiz!
According to Aristotle, three conditions must be fulfilled for friendship to exist between two people. One of those conditions is expectation of shared material abundance mutual goodwill.I Drink Therefore I Am: A Philosopher's Guide to Wine [Roger Scruton] on regardbouddhiste.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
We are familiar with the medical opinion that a daily glass of wine is good for the health and also the rival opinion that any more than a glass or two will set us on the road to ruin. Whether or not good for the body.
One generation after Aristotle, Epicurus argued that as atoms moved through the void, there were occasions when they would "swerve" from their otherwise determined paths, thus initiating new causal chains - with a causa sui or uncaused cause.
He wanted to break the causal chain of physical determinism and deny claims that the future is . Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics (Summary) share. The Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle is the most influential book of the moral philosophy.
From Kant to John Rawls, all philosophers have discussed the issue with Aristotle on the good life and on happiness. To summarize. In the Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle is primarily concerned with what constitutes the good life for human beings.
His moral theory is an example of what is called virtue ethics. This is a school of. The Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle's most important study of personal morality and the ends of human life, has for many centuries been a widely-read and influential book.
Though written more than 2, years ago, it offers the modern reader many valuable insights into human needs and conduct. Among. Plato’s Republic and Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics, two of the greatest works of Greek philosophy, are essentially treatises on the virtues and their cultivation.
Even the Epicureans, who thought pleasure was the goal of life, believed that people needed virtues to cultivate pleasures.