Supports customer relationships within Dairy Foods by providing a central point of contact for customers and field sales. Excellent written and oral communication skills; strong interpersonal skills. Works well under pressure with ability to execute quickly, accurately and with accountability.
With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the tightening of the U. Even though it was not the result of a deliberate government policy, but rather an unfortunate consequence of helpless events, the results of this new system led Cuban authorities to adopt specific measures to incentivize its expansion.
This effort rendered the island a world leader in sustainable agriculture and its food production system became a model for other countries in the world to follow, especially developing societies that should be guarded against any damaging transformations.
A Model of Sustainable Agriculture Born out of Necessity Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, Cuba faced a grave shortage of oil supplies, which cut it off from cheap imports. Indeed, in the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act — also known as the Helms-Burton Act — strengthened the already existing embargo against the island, applying sanctions extraterritorially to foreign firms trading with Cuba.
The lack of fuel, fertilizers, and other farm inputs decreased agricultural productivity. According to artisanal food business plan data, the per capita food production annual average growth was negative, by City dwellers were the first hit by supply shortfalls, and, in order to effectively respond to the food crisis, they started to occupy unproductive state lands to produce their own food.
Additionally, ordinary citizens used balconies, backyards, and roof terraces for cultivation and raising livestock. Without having it as a main goal, they started to practice sustainable farming as a way of food production in order to guarantee nutritious and accessible food for everyone while natural resources are managed in a way that maintain ecosystem functions to support current as well as future human needs.
Sustainable agriculture includes promoting urban farming, which improves food security and favors equitable access to resources, managed in the most efficient way.
The government soon started supporting and encouraging urban agriculture through a number of measures, which entailed the revision of property rights, a significant change for the socialist system. Cuba went through a drastic revision of the work paradigm: The possibility of gaining from their efforts functioned as a major incentive for workers who had a greater interest in maximizing their production.
The reorganization of agricultural production consisted mainly in converting the large state farms into smaller, more efficient, cooperative farms and distributing land in usufruct to small producers. The aim of the Cuban leadership was to improve agricultural production and cut, if not eliminate, food imports into the country.
It frames guidelines with agro ecological principles and directives for individual production of compost and seeds, local use of resources, and organic plant protection for Cuban producers. InLineamientos, a reform package aimed at modernizing the Cuban economy placed a large emphasis on agricultural production.
InLaw Decree provided for the construction of buildings on the usufruct land, and the planting of forests and fruit trees. The promotion of Cuban agriculture had become so important that domestic food production was declared a national security issue. The scarcity of resources and farm inputs brought farmers to experiment with new methods and organic pest control.
Organic principles were followed and locally available resources were used. They practiced crop rotation, intercropping, used green manure, and planted hedges. Furthermore, they used repellent plants such as common thyme, basil, marigold, maize or ruddles to reduce pest infestation or to attract beneficial insects.
A cornerstone of agroecology is diversification of both crops and farming methods —including livestock integration— that contributes to the promotion of biodiversity and of a more efficient use of resources, such as sunlight, water, soil and natural pests. Diversification intensifies natural processes such as photosynthesis, nitrogen fixation, absorption of soil phosphorus, and the enhancement of biological activity both above and below ground.
The island was found to have both an acceptable ecological footprint per capita, using an exemplary amount of energy and natural resources, and an acceptable Human Development Index rating. Such indicators demonstrate that a sustainable system of food production is compatible with a high level of literacy, life expectancy and low infant mortality.
Industrial food systems affect human health and broader ecological systems. There has been a dramatic increase of non-communicable diseases linked with poor quality of food consumption, with obesity being described as a pandemic.
This phenomenon is not restricted to industrialized societies; in developing countries it is estimated that over million people suffer from obesity-related problems.
Not only do chemical pests and fertilizers contaminate the surrounding areas, but they also contribute to the increase of carbon dioxide emissions, accelerating the pace of climate change. Out of the total emissions released in the atmosphere by agricultural activities, Indeed, environmental fallout is not limited to agricultural production, but pollution continues to be present in all the other phases of the process, from food transportation to processing, and from storage to retailing.Bigger than a bistro, more than a market.
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