The following steps outline a simple and effective strategy for writing a research paper. Depending on your familiarity with the topic and the challenges you encounter along the way, you may need to rearrange these steps. Identify and develop your topic Selecting a topic can be the most challenging part of a research assignment.
Choose a topic When choosing a topic, search for something that meets the following criteria: If you are bored with the topic, you will probably bore your reader as well. Choose something that is new and exciting, not something overworked. Is information on this subject available in various forms i.
Read, hear, view, and touch. Finalize the thesis statement and prepare a working outline. The outline should serve as a road map for your journey with your thesis as your navigator — it tells you where to go.
When writing your outline, keep your destination in mind. Your information will help you get there, but how will you organize your journey? The thesis should be placed at the beginning of the outline where you can refer to it often.
Your teacher may require you to write one or both of the following types of outlines: Your teacher can help guide you through the outlining process. It can be changed and revised to allow you to prove your thesis more effectively. Select a topic that will allow you to compile, analyze, and interpret information from numerous sources so that your paper becomes a valuable source of information for the reader.
Remember, a good research paper should help your teacher learn as well. If you are truly interested in your topic, the research process should generate excitement. Think of yourself as an investigative reporter or a detective uncovering information that is as yet undiscovered.
Think of your media center as a great starting point for your new adventure. Read as much as you can about your subject. Define the task and prepare a working thesis. What question do you want to answer about the topic you have chosen? Sample questions like these will help you to define your tasks: After you have asked your question, phrase it in the form of a focused statement that will allow you to use available information to prove or substantiate it.
When formulating your thesis, use specific, concrete words. Your thesis does not need to be an absolute truth but something that will provoke thought and can be proven by your research. We can now make our research questions above into effective, focused thesis statements. Brainstorm all possible sources.
Locate and evaluate sources for appropriateness for the assignment. Look in the card catalog for books, videos, audiocassettes, the vertical file, etc. Check online paid subscription databasese. Evaluate sources for authority, objectivity, accuracy, and content.
Check copyright dates, materials older than five years may not be suitable for certain topics. Internet sources require special consideration.
Using the Internet as an Information Resource In the process of doing research, one needs to access information efficiently and effectively. One must also identify a variety of potential sources of information, print as well as online. It is essential to evaluate critically and competently the information found.
While most print resources found in the media center have been chosen for accuracy and quality before inclusion, the Internet presents the researcher with enormous quantities of information that may or may not be authentic, accurate, or objective.
Therefore, when using the Internet as an information source, evaluating the information is essential.
Access the materials Access possible sources of information by reading, listening, viewing, or touching. Read source materials, view videos, listen to tapes or interviews and take notes.
Note taking will help you establish a way in which you can easily retrieve information that you have researched.
There are many ways to take notes. The preferred method in this district is index cards. However, other methods include graphic organizers, legal pads or other types of paper with source summary information written in a manner that the researcher can understand.Basic Steps in the Research Process.
Write the body of your paper from your notes. Cite any necessary information with parenthetical citations. Write your introduction and conclusion. Write your Works Cited (it is similar to a bibliography). Create a. Writing a research paper is really a time consuming process and one of your first tasks is to organize it in the proper way.
This process can be divided into several steps, which are equally important and influence the overall quality of the project. STEPS OF A BASIC ESSAY I. Introduction (establishes the paper’s topic) (dependent on paper length) discussing the first idea in detail.
In the same section, back up each paragraph with research, facts, examples, an anecdote (a short personal story), or some type of descriptive justification. 2. The last sentence in this section should be. Sep 27, · How to Write a Research Paper In this Article: Article Summary Choosing Your Topic Researching Making an Outline Writing Your Paper Sample Research Papers and Outlines Community Q&A When studying at higher levels of school and throughout college, you will likely be asked to prepare research papers%().
Steps in Writing a Research Paper. A series of steps, starting with developing a research question and working thesis, will lead you through writing a research paper.
As you move through these steps and actually create the research paper, you may find that you can't move through all of them in chronological order, and that's o.k.
How to Write a Research Paper in 11 Steps September 16, This post was written by Todd VanDuzer It’s a beautiful sunny day, you had a big delicious breakfast, and you show up bright-eyed and bushy-tailed for your first class of the day.