Essay structure scaffold

Hydrogels[ edit ] As the natural extracellular matrix ECM is important in the survival, proliferation, differentiation and migration of the cells, different hydrogel matrices mimicking natural ECM structure are considered as potential approaches towards in vivo —like cell culturing. Several different types of hydrogels from natural and synthetic materials are available for 3D cell culture, including e. Scaffold-free techniques[ edit ] Scaffold free techniques employ another approach independent from the use scaffold. Scaffold-free methods include e.

Essay structure scaffold

Here's something we might try. Affirming I hadn't thought of that. I see what you mean. Students are given quiet time to consider what they know about the topic and record a number of possible responses. This may be a simple list of words and Essay structure scaffold or a focused quick-write.

It is also helpful to provide students with a series of response prompts to complete prior to being asked to share aloud. In this way, less proficient academic language users will have a linguistic scaffold to bolster their linguistic output along with their confidence in sharing aloud.

For example, if students are being asked to make predictions about what will happen in the next chapter of The Joy Luck Club, they might be provided with these sentence prompts to complete: The teacher whips around the class in a relatively fast-paced and structured manner e.

After several contributions, there tends to be some repetition. Students point out similarities in responses using appropriate language strategies e. This fosters active listening and validation of ideas. The teacher can record these ideas for subsequent review, or have students do a quick-write summarizing some of the more interesting contributions they heard during the discussion.

Essay Writing: Writing: How is an essay structured?

Students are given quiet time to first answer the question individually, ideally in writing. Students are then cued to pair with a neighbor and discuss their responses, noting similarities and differences.

Students encourage their partners to clarify and justify responses using Essay structure scaffold language strategies e.

Essay structure scaffold

It is often helpful to structure the roles first speaker, first listener and designate the time frames e. After rehearsing responses with a partner, students are invited to share with the class.

The teacher asks a series of questions, one at a time. Students discuss possible answers to each question for an established amount of time about 30 seconds to 90 seconds, depending on the complexity of the task. The teacher calls a number 1—4and all students with that number raise their hand, ready to respond.

The teacher randomly calls on students with the specified number to answer on behalf of their team. Students are encouraged to acknowledge similarities and differences between their team's response and that of other teams e. The teacher continues posing questions and soliciting responses in this manner until the brainstorming or review session is finished.

This may be a simple list of words and phrases or a series of complete sentences. Students draw a line after their final idea to clearly delineate their own ideas from those that they are going to gather from classmates. Students are given a set amount of time about 8—10 minutes to get out of their seats and share ideas with classmates.

After finding a partner, the two students exchange papers and quietly read each other's ideas. They comment upon anything of particular interest on their partner's list or ask for clarification about anything confusing.

Resolve a DOI Name A few ways that you can stay and healthy fit this school year. Research Before Reading Assign a simple research task that requires students to investigate topical information from the text.

Students then select one idea from their partner's list and add it to their own, making sure to understand and accurately copy the idea alongside the partner's name, because they may be called upon to share one new idea during the follow-up debriefing session.

When one exchange has been completed, students move on to interact with a new partner. At the end of the "Give One and Get One" exchange period, the teacher facilitates a unified-class debriefing of ideas.

The teacher calls on a volunteer who shares one new idea acquired from a conversation partner, utilizing language for classroom reporting e. The student whose idea has just been reported shares the next idea, gleaned from a different conversation partner.

This highly structured debriefing encourages active listening as students are eager to see when their name and idea will be mentioned. Students should strive to share an idea from a classmate who has not yet been acknowledged. This relatively random listing can subsequently be restructured in a graphic organizer and used as a springboard to an independent reading or writing task.

This structure encourages students to review a class session and reflect meaningfully on the day's discussion and activities, while also providing the teacher with productive feedback on instruction.

The teacher provides students with a series of prompts to complete written "Outcome Statements" about the day's lesson.

Igor Shafarevich

Possible prompts might include the following: I now understand how to … I was surprised by … I am beginning to wonder why … I would like to know more about … I can see the connections between … I would like some help with … I'm becoming more confident about … Students write two or three detailed Outcome Statements about new insights, observations, or sources of confusion, which could then be shared during a Whip-around or a Think-Pair-Share.

Either option could lead into a unified-class summary discussion, with the teacher synthesizing and elaborating where necessary. These written reflections can also be turned in to enable the teacher to identify any areas in need of review or clarification. Students who may feel reticent to seek clarification or assistance during a class session are provided with a safe venue for expressing their needs and concerns.How is an essay structured?

In order for your essay to be convincing and make sense, it needs to be presented inside a well structured piece of writing. How do you do this within the framework of an essay's general structure of Introduction, Body, Conclusion?

Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline) Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Free early childhood education papers, essays, and research papers.

Social Media I want argumentative essay about the positive of social media,also i will add the instruction and please use high school words Persuasive/Argument Essay Utilize logic and reason to show that one idea is more legitimate than another idea.

It attempts to persuade a reader to adopt a certain point of view or to take a particular action. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.


How to write an essay. In the last part of our Guide, we looked at how essays work and discussed the structure and planning of an you haven’t read it, you should go check that out first.

Essay structure scaffold

In this part, we’ll get into the nitty-gritty of writing the essay and give you some tips for producing Band 6 responses in exam conditions.

Pearson Prentice Hall: eTeach: Strategies for Improving Reading Comprehension