Although she would later state that she found Communist literature unreadable and "dry as dust,"  she was attracted by the sense of community and social conscience she found with her friends in the league.
Igor Gouzenko on television, In particular, the Soviets placed and kept local communist parties in power as puppet governments in once-independent countries across Eastern Europe, without due democratic process. That same year, the Canadian government revealed that it had given political asylum to Igor Gouzenkowho, in Septemberas a cipher clerk at the Soviet Embassy in Ottawa, had stolen documents showing Soviet spies at work in American, British, and Canadian government and scientific departments.
This event brought home the new world reality to Canadians. The following year, inAmerican financier and presidential adviser Bernard Baruch aptly observed in a speech that, "we are today in the midst of a cold war. The international climate worsened with several high-profile events.
Canadians were involved in some of them, including the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATOa western security pact designed to defend Western Europe against Soviet invasion, and in which Canada was a member; and the Korean War in which Canadian forces fought with the United Nations against communist North Korean and Chinese forces supported by the Soviets.
Communists were identified and purged from trade unions while Canadian diplomats with allegedly questionable loyalties were put under suspicion. Tragically, diplomat Herbert Norman committed suicide in after almost a decade of various accusations and investigations by American intelligence agencies into his supposed communist associations, which remain shrouded in mystery and are still debated by scholars today.
Canada and the Cold War Serious East-West diplomatic discussions resumed after the death of Stalin inbut international tensions remained high for the next several decades. On a global scale, Canada contributed armed forces to peacekeeping operations throughout the world, including in areas divided between communist and anti-communist factions.
Canadian political and military leaders, who at times critiqued American actions against communism in the Middle East, Latin America, and Asia, still prepared for possible war against the Soviets in Europe. The Canadian NATO commitment on the continent included an army brigade group in West Germany and air force fighter jets capable of carrying nuclear weapons.
Canadians were active at various levels in trying to avoid such a calamity. The Cold War began winding down in the late s amid uncompromising anti-Soviet policies by the US, coupled with new efforts at openness by the Soviet leadership, and a surge of freedom movements inside the European communist states.
This culminated in the tearing down of the Berlin Wall in which had separated West and East Germany since and the fall of the Soviet Union the following year.Dec 06, · - Gouzenko Affair - Expo - Formation of NORAD - Quebec Referendum - Trudeaumania - Passing of the Official Languages Act - Bringing home of the Constitution and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms - Toronto Occupy Movement Try to choose one from regardbouddhiste.com: Resolved.
How the Cold War Began: The Gouzenko Affair and the Hunt for Soviet Spies. Red Commanders: A Social History of the Soviet Army Officer Corps, Looking westward; poetry, landscape, and politics in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. The Unresolved Mystery of ELLI Full Article The Igor Gouzenko Affair and the Hunt for Soviet Spies (New York: Carroll & Graff, his research culminated in his book Their Trade Is Treachery that expounded the thesis that Hollis was ELLI.
In trying to solve the ELLI mystery some aspects of Chapman’s thesis should be considered. Royal Commission which investigated the Gouzenko affair.
The book adds little to the total of our knowledge about Soviet Russia, but it serves as a reminder of the tremendous harm which was done to the Soviet foreign intelligence organisation by the defec- tion of one cipher clerk.
The controversy surrounding the Gouzenko Affair ultimately led to the formation of several civil liberties organizations. In addition to a brief history of the Gouzenko Affair, there is a Chronology, a page on Sentences (results of the spy trials), and a list of Key Figures involved in the scandal.
Elizabeth Terrill Bentley (January 1, – December 3, ) was an American spy for the Soviet Union from until In she defected from the Communist Party and Soviet intelligence and became an informer for the U.S.
She exposed two networks of spies, ultimately naming over