We have seen that both F. Taylor and Henry Fayol contributed to the science of management. There are points of similarity and dissimilarity in the works of both of these pioneers.
This paper is an overview of four important areas of management theory: It will provide a general description of each of these management theories together with observations on the environment in which these theories were applied and the successes that they achieved.
Frederick Taylor - Scientific Management Description Frederick Taylor, with his theories of Scientific Management, started the era of modern management. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Frederick Taylor was decrying the " awkward, inefficient, or ill-directed movements of men" as a national loss.
He advocated a change from the old system of personal management to a new system of scientific management. Under personal management, a captain of industry was expected to be personally brilliant. Taylor claimed that a group of ordinary men, following a scientific method would out perform the older "personally brilliant" captains of industry.
Taylor consistently sought to overthrow management "by rule of thumb" and replace it with actual timed observations leading to "the one best" practice.
Following this philosophy he also advocated the systematic training of workers in "the one best practice" rather than allowing them personal discretion in their tasks. He believed that " a spirit of hearty cooperation" would develop between workers and management and that cooperation would ensure that the workers would follow the "one best practice.
This positive legacy leads to the stop-watch measured time trials which in turn lead to Taylor's strongest negative legacy. Many critics, both historical and contemporary have pointed out that Taylor's theories tend to "dehumanize" the workers.
To modern readers, he stands convicted by his own words: His lifetime was during the Industrial Revolution. The overall industrial environment of this period is well documented by the Dicken's classic Hard Times or Sinclar's The Jungle. Autocratic management was the norm.
The manufacturing community had the idea of interchangeable parts for almost a century. The sciences of physics and chemistry were bringing forth new miracles on a monthly basis.
One can see Taylor turning to "science" as a solution to the inefficiencies and injustices of the period. His idea of breaking a complex task into a sequence of simple subtasks closely mirrors the interchangeable parts ideas pioneered by Eli Whitney earlier in the century.
Furthermore, the concepts of training the workers and developing "a hearty cooperation" represented a significant improvement over the feudal human relations of the time. Successes Scientific management met with significant success. Taylor's personal work included papers on the science of cutting metal, coal shovel design, worker incentive schemes and a piece rate system for shop management.
Scientific management's organizational influences can be seen in the development of the fields of industrial engineering, personnel, and quality control. From an economic standpoint, Taylorism was an extreme success.
Application of his methods yielded significant improvements in productivity. Improvements such as Taylor's shovel work at Bethlehem Steel Works reducing the workers needed to shovel from to were typical. Human Relations Movement - Hawthorne Works Experiments Description If Taylor believed that science dictated that the highest productivity was found in "the one best way" and that way could be obtained by controlled experiment, Elton Mayo's experiences in the Hawthorne Works Experiments disproved those beliefs to the same extent that Michelson's experiments in disproved the existence of "ether.
The Hawthorne Studies started in the early 's as an attempt to determine the effects of lighting on worker productivity.Compare and contrast of Fayol and Weber Max Webber and Henri Fayol were both key figures of the 20 th century and had similar ideas of the administrative management theories but each one also had different strategies to achieve the same goal.
Introduction During the twentieth century, Max Weber and Henry Fayol were both influential management theorist who developed their own ideas about management. This essay will explain the ideas of both Fayol and Weber and will compare the differences and similarities of the theorist.
Home Essays Chart Henri Fayol and Weber Max This assignment will compare and contrast the theoretical perspectives of management theorists Henri Fayol, Frederick Winslow Taylor, and Max Weber. Each of the three theorists had a unique view on public administration and policy. Max Webber and Henri Fayol were both key figures of the 20th century and had similar ideas of administrative management theories.
Both took the scientific theory that was founded by Frederick Taylor and improved it in their own way. Compare and Contrast Fayol, Taylor, and Weber’s Theories of Organizational Theory Words Nov 23rd, 12 Pages This assignment will compare and contrast the theoretical perspectives of management theorists Henri Fayol, Frederick Winslow Taylor, and Max Weber.
MAX WEBER By: JD Mojica Life and career Max Weber was born on April 21, , the eldest of seven children, and grew up in a cultured bourgeois household, ruled by a strong authoritarian father. At University in Heidelberg, Weber studied economics, medieval history and philosophy as well as law.