Saturday, December 30, Taino and Maya: This was also linked to economic activity and rules and sanctions appointed and understood by their authority enforcers and general people respectfully. Economic activity involved the means by which the societies attained their specific and general needs whether it was by subsistence to surpluses farming, by a nomadic approach to hunting, forms of trade, utilization of natural resources e. An analysis of economic activity will also extend to the roles and contributions of different gender and age defined individuals, and different racial, ethnic and social classes in the processes of meeting their needs.
History[ edit ] The Caribs are believed to have migrated from the Orinoco River area in South America to settle in the Caribbean islands about AD, according to carbon dating [ citation needed ]. From shell middenMt Irvine Bay, Tobago None of the insular Amerindians mined for gold but obtained it by Tainos and kalinago settlements from the mainland.
The Caribs were skilled boat builders and sailors. They appeared to have owed their dominance in the Caribbean basin to their mastery of warfare. At about the same time, however, OjedaBastidasand other explorers voyaging along the Spanish Main had been attacked by Indians with poisoned arrows - all such Indians were considered Caribs - which took a considerable toll of Spanish lives.
These attacks and the evidence some of the perpetrators, at least, were cannibals, provided the rationale for the decree authorizing enslavement of Caribs.
In the 17th century, Island Caribs were displaced with a great loss of life by a new wave of European invaders: Most fatalities resulted from Eurasian infectious diseases such as smallpoxwhich they had no natural immunity to, as well as warfare.
However, the English would later ignore the treaty and ended up annexing both islands in Vincent has some "Yellow Caribs" as well were descended from a group of enslaved Africans who were marooned from shipwrecks of slave ships, as well as slaves who escaped here.
Their descendants continue to live there today and are known as the Garifuna ethnic group. Carib resistance delayed the settlement of Dominica by Europeans. The Black Carib communities that remained in St. Vincent and Dominica retained a degree of autonomy well into the 19th century.
The last known speakers of Island Carib died in the s, and the language is extinct. Distribution of Cariban languages in South America. There are only 3, Caribs remaining. They elect their own chief. In Julythe Kalinago observed Years of Territory. Several hundred ethnic Carib descendants live in Puerto Rico, the U.
Virgin IslandsSt. Vincent whose total population is unknown. The size of these communities varies widely. Religion[ edit ] The Caribs are believed to have been polytheists. As the Spanish began to colonise the Caribbean area, they wanted to convert the natives to Catholicism.
Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. November Main article: Garifuna music Garifuna music from the Garifuna peoplethe descendants of Caribs, Arawak and West African people, is quite different from the music in the rest of Central America.
The most famous form is punta. Its associated musical style, which has the dancers move their hips in a circular motion. An evolved form of traditional music, still usually played using traditional instruments, punta has seen some modernization and electrification in the s; this is called punta rock.
Traditional punta dancing is consciously competitive. Artists like Pen Cayetano helped innovate modern punta rock by adding guitars to the traditional music, and paved the way for later artists like Andy PalacioChildren of the Most High and Black Coral.
Other forms of Garifuna music and dance include: Punta is the most popular dance in Garifuna culture. It is performed around holidays and at parties and other social events. Punta lyrics are usually composed by the women.
Chumba and hunguhungu are a circular dance in a three-beat rhythm, which is often combined with punta. Drums play a very important role in Garifuna music. There are primarily two types of drums used: These drums are typically made of hollowed-out hardwood such as mahogany or mayflower, with the skins coming from the peccary wild bush pigdeer, or sheep.The question refers to the following statement The Spaniards collected tribute from the Indians.
In return, they had to see that the Indians were “protected” and converted to Christianity. Kalinago History Heading for Page Headliner Formerly known as Island Caribs, or just Caribs, the Kalinago are an indigenous people of the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean.
PAGE 64 VOLUME 38, Settlement Patterns and Distribution of the Taino Settlement pattern and distribution can be defined as how sites are situ-ated on the landscape, while settlement systems are the functions of contempo-.
Dec 30, · These settlement patterns lead to new social, cultural, economic and political concepts in which the Tainos were able to progress.
For example, the concept of land ownership led to modifications to the natural environment and the ability to sustain higher population densities. The Island Caribs, also known as the Kalinago or simply Caribs are an indigenous Caribbean people of the Lesser Antilles.
They may have descended from the Mainland Caribs (Kalina) of South America, but they spoke .
The Taíno lived in settlements called yucayeques, which varied in size depending on the location. Those in Puerto Rico and Hispaniola were the largest, and those in the Bahamas were the smallest. Those in Puerto Rico and Hispaniola were the largest, and those in the Bahamas were the smallest.