The role of inventions and discoveries

The Manchester Mark 1 computer developed by Frederic Calland Williams — and Tom Kilburn — ; historically significant because of its pioneering inclusion of index registers. EDSAC — the first complete, fully functional computer inspired by the von Neumann architecturethe basis of every modern computer — constructed by Maurice Wilkes — The integrated circuitcommonly called the microchip, conceptualised and built by Geoffrey Dummer —

The role of inventions and discoveries

Sometimes genius arrives not by choice — but by chance

Finding a four-leaf clover is considered to be a lucky accident; so is experiencing serendipity. Source What Is Serendipity? Serendipity is a happy and unexpected event that apparently occurs due to chance and often appears when we are searching for something else.

Serendipity is a delight when it happens in our daily lives and has been responsible for many innovations and important advances in science and technology. It may seem odd to refer to chance when discussing science. Scientific research supposedly operates in a very methodical, precise, and controlled way, with no room for chance in any area of the investigation.

In fact, chance plays an important role in science and technology and has been responsible for some significant discoveries in the past. Serendip is an old name for the country known today as Sri Lanka.

The story described how three traveling princes repeatedly made discoveries about things that they had not planned to explore or that surprised them. Scientists are not passive recipients of the unexpected; rather, they actively create the conditions for discovering the unexpected.

Instead, it means that a researcher has made an unexpected discovery due to the specific procedures that they chose to follow in their experiment.

Those procedures led to serendipity while another set of procedures may not have done so.

Top 10 Inventions of the Middle Ages - Listverse

A serendipitous discovery in science is often accidental, as its name implies. Some scientists try to design their experiments in a way that increases the chance of serendipity, though.

Many discoveries in science are interesting and meaningful. A serendipitous discovery goes beyond this, however. It reveals a very surprising, often exciting, and frequently useful aspect of reality. The fact that is discovered is part of nature but is hidden from us until a scientist uses suitable procedures for its revelation.

Experimental conditions can trigger serendipity. Source Experiencing Serendipity A deliberate change in a recommended procedure, an oversight, or an error may have a significant effect on the outcome of an experiment. The altered procedure may lead to a failed experiment.

It may be exactly what is needed to produce a serendipitous discovery, however. The steps and conditions in an experiment are not the only factors that control serendipity in science. The others are the ability to see that unexpected results may be significant, an interest in finding an explanation for the results, and the determination to investigate them.

The list of serendipitous discoveries in science is very long. All of them seem to have been made due to a procedural error. Each of the errors led to a useful discovery.

1001 Inventions

Penicillium is a mold that makes penicillin. Source The Discovery of Penicillin Probably the most famous serendipitous event reported in science is the discovery of penicillin by Alexander Fleming.

The role of inventions and discoveries

They contained colonies of a bacterium called Staphylococcus which Fleming had deliberately placed in the dishes. He found that one of the dishes had become contaminated by a mold a type of fungus and that there was a clear area around the mold.

Instead of cleaning or discarding the petri dish and ignoring the contamination as a "mistake", Fleming decided to investigate why the clear area had appeared. Eventually he discovered that the mold was making an antibiotic that killed the bacteria around it.

Fleming identified the mold as Penicillium and named the antibiotic penicillin. Penicillin eventually became an extremely important medicine for fighting infections. What people call serendipity sometimes is just having your eyes open. This enzyme is present in our mucus, saliva, and tears.

Fleming found the enzyme after he sneezed—or dropped nasal mucus—on a petri dish full of bacteria. He noticed that some of the bacteria died where the mucus had contaminated the dish.Top 10 inventions and discoveries of ancient Greece that are remarkably used today.

Sir Isaac Newton, (born December 25, [January 4, , New Style], Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England—died March 20 [March 31], , London), English physicist and mathematician, who was the culminating figure of the scientific revolution of the 17th optics, his discovery of the composition of white light integrated the phenomena of colours into the science of light and laid.

As Plato said, "science is nothing but perception," and these 10 accidental acts of discovery embody the sentiment. Of course, it helps to be a leading scientist in the field—devoting your life.

Phoenician alphabet led to Greek, Hebrew, Aramaic, Roman, Arabic and modern alphabets; origin among ancient Phoenicians, Western Sinai, consonant, aleph, beth, alpha. Sep 29,  · Important Inventions and Discoveries PDF (%) 36 votes Important Inventions and Discoveries PDF covers the list of all Important Inventions and Discoveries of the world.

This list gives important Inventions and Inventor name. From SBI Clerk Previous papers we can see that every year questions are asked from this topic. /5(36). Hey, I'm Derek Muller, this is mental_floss, and today, I'm going to tell you about all sorts of important scientific discoveries and inventions that happened by accident.

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List of Indian inventions and discoveries - Wikipedia