The roman colosseum

During this period, Rome witnessed the successive rise and fall of three emperors until the final accession of Vespasian, first ruler of the Flavian Dynasty.

The roman colosseum

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Roman Colosseum History - Roman Colosseum - The Ultimate Guide

Archaeologists believe that the Colosseum contained both drinking fountains and latrines. After nearly a decade of construction—a relatively quick time period for a project of such a grand scale—Titus officially dedicated the Colosseum in A.

A Grand Amphitheater Measuring some by feet by metersthe Colosseum was the largest amphitheater in the Roman world. Unlike many earlier amphitheaters, which had been dug into hillsides to provide adequate support, the Colosseum was a freestanding structure made of stone and concrete.

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The distinctive exterior had three stories of arched entrances—a total of around 80—supported by semi-circular columns. Each story contained columns of a different order or style: At the bottom were columns of the relatively simple Doric order, followed by Ionic The roman colosseum topped by the ornate Corinthian order.

Located just near the main entrance to the Colosseum was the Arch of Constantine, built in A. Inside, the Colosseum had seating for more than 50, spectators, who may have been arranged according to social ranking but were most likely packed into the space like sardines in a can judging by evidence from the seating at other Roman amphitheaters.

The roman colosseum

Awnings were unfurled from the top story in order to protect the audience from the hot Roman sun as they watched gladiatorial combats, hunts, wild animal fights and larger combats such as mock naval engagements for which the arena was flooded with water put on at great expense.

The vast majority of the combatants who fought in front of Colosseum audiences in Ancient Rome were men though there were some female gladiators.

Gladiators were generally slaves, condemned criminals or prisoners of war. The Colosseum Over the Centuries The Colosseum saw some four centuries of active use, until the struggles of the Western Roman Empire and the gradual change in public tastes put an end to gladiatorial combats and other large public entertainments by the 6th century A.

The roman colosseum

Even by that time, the arena had suffered damaged due to natural phenomena such as lightning and earthquakes. In the centuries to come, the Colosseum was abandoned completely, and used as a quarry for numerous building projects, including the cathedrals of St.

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Beginning in the 18th century, however, various popes sought to conserve the arena as a sacred Christian site, though it is in fact uncertain whether early Christian martyrs met their fate in the Colosseum, as has been speculated.

Restoration efforts began in the s, and have proceeded over the years, as the Colosseum continues to be a leading attraction for tourists from all over the world.

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Now in paperback! The Roman Colosseum was the work of a brilliant and energetic civilization.

Why Visit the Colosseum

The Roman Colosseum was the work /5(11). The Colosseum is probably the most impressive building of the Roman Empire. Originally known as the Flavian Amphitheater, it was the largest building of the era.

The suicide of emperor Nero, in 68, was followed by eighteen months of civil war, the first Roman civil war since Mark Antony’s death in 30 BC.

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The gladiators who fought in these games were mostly prisoners, slaves and criminals who trained long and hard in schools like the one Caesar built; although a few such fighters were paid volunteers. Colosseum is one of the most interesting constructions of all time! With a controversial history, the scene of bloody gladiator fights still remains a great touristic site for history lovers all around the world.

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BBC - History - The Colosseum: Emblem of Rome